The Association of Consulting Architects of Nigeria (ACAN) has outlined measures on how best to mitigate climate change with its attendant devastating economic, physical and social impact on the entire globe.

The measures which were directed at governments, profes­sionals and the masses were given at the two-day 2022 ACAN sympo­sium and business forum held at the Federal Palace Hotel, Victoria Island, Lagos.

Therein, it was indicated that there was the need for a concerted effort by the government, citizens and communities in addressing the effects of climate change by de­veloping policies, physical plans, development plans, urban plans, drainage plans and emergency plans.

Government agencies and relevant bodies, they emphasized, should observe, collate and anal­yse meteorological data in order to provide timely and accurate reporting of weather and climate information.

Efforts should also be made to collate geophysical data and land surveying information that would help create the basis for better liv­ing sustainable environments.

Other suggestions included that government should promote, fund and motivate professionals to design for climate change and extract the benefits in traditional architecture influenced by cul­ture, local climate and weather patterns.

“The use of sustainable ar­chitecture in the design and con­struction of buildings that are environmentally friendly with cultural relevance have possibil­ities which include ecological, green, bio-climatic, biomimetic architecture and low energy, as well as net-zero buildings. There should be a concerted effort for new design thinking, collabora­tion with universities, research institutes, using innovation in building materials and compo­nents.
“The preservation of green areas, trees, landscaping and ver­tical planting in buildings was advocated. Recourse to the use of restorative, regenerative, respon­sive and resilient architecture as a vocabulary for sustainable de­velopments should be considered. Government should promote and invest only in sustainable archi­tecture.”

Furthermore, they advised that energy efficiency, water conservation, solar shading, rain water harvesting and recycling should be part of the vocabulary of the design mandate for build­ings in Nigeria.

To address issues of poor qual­ity buildings, they insisted on the use of the building code and reg­ulations. Building professionals, they stated, should adopt the use of innovative ventilation tech­niques beyond the primary cross ventilation understanding, to a to­tal integration of various forms of climate responsive techniques so as to achieve ventilation that combines building orientation, cross ventilation, stack ventila­tion, single aspect ventilation, ven­turi effect, sun shading, insulation and venting to create comfortable interior environments.